Bird & Mammal to Human: Coronoavirus

Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses that are distributed broadly among humans, other mammals, and birds that cause respiratory, enteric, hepatic, and neurologic diseases. Four viruses – 229E, OC43, NL63, and HKU1 are prevalent and typically cause common cold symptoms in immunocompromised individuals.

Contrary to what most people believe, coronaviruses are not new. However, the emergence of Covid-19 brought attention to coronaviruses. 

The human coronavirus is responsible for respiratory tract infections in humans across the globe. This makes it the most common coronavirus. Through samples collected in a study that took place between 2010 and 2015 to investigate the epidemiology of human coronavirus (HCoV) had a pretty interesting revelation. The four HCoVs were more prevalent during the winter season, as slight differences depended on the species. 

The studies which involved samples from people of different age groups showed that coronavirus had more detrimental effects on children under three years and adults over 50 more than any other age group. Much research has been done on the coronaviruses’ family, and a lot more has unfolded. For what was thought as a virus that only caused mild respiratory infections.

You will be surprised to learn that there is a possibility of different types of coronaviruses transmitted from animal hosts to human beings. Extensive research regarding the spread of coronaviruses among animals and humans is vital in finding ways to curb or control the spread of the viruses. Studies and investigation on the different strains of coronaviruses have remained consistent over time. That is regarding the rate of detection of the viruses, seasonal distribution of the virus, and the level of severity of the viruses across different age groups. The studies also demonstrated that patients could have double infections of coronaviruses. That is, they could test positive for more than one type of coronavirus. 

Paul Singh, MHA, BA

​Covid Antibody Diagnostics​™

A Natures Body Wellness Corporation, Lake Mary FL 32746 

Find us on Google under Antibody Diagnostics

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